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Multi-Tiered System of Support (MTSS)

What is MTSS?


MTSS is a framework for organizing the various opportunities for supporting students in academics and/or behavior.  Supports range from adjusting instruction to small group intervention.  School-based teams use on-going assessment of students to determine what support is needed and monitor the students’ progress to the intervention provided.  Support is organized around three tiers.  Tier 1 support is that which is available for all learners.  Tier 2 are those interventions designed for some students.  Tier 3 interventions are the most intensive supports that are required by the fewest students.  The system is fluid and allows for students to be connected to the right level of support in whatever area is needed.  

Key Principles of MTSS

  • Early intervention

  • Instruction is matched to student need

  • Frequent progress monitoring data collected and reflected upon to ensure effectiveness of instruction and interventions

  • Evidenced-based practices and interventions

  • Parental involvement is encouraged

Potential Benefits of MTSS

  • Improved instruction and educational environment for all learners

  • Provides support for students in need earlier

  • Progress monitoring provides clear information

  • Increased communication between parents and educators

Questions a Parent/Guardian Can Ask

The first point of contact with questions and concerns is always your child’s teacher.  A phone call or parent conference is a great way to start the conversation about any difficulty that your child is experiencing.  

  • Is my child meeting academic and behavioral expectations?  How do we know?
  • If additional instruction or intervention is needed, what supports will be given to my child?

  • How often will I be updated on my child’s progress?

  • What can I do to support my child at home?